Very often caries
goes unnoticed, not causing any symptoms, till it destroys a big part of the tooth. At this point you can have high sensitivity
to hot and cold, or sweets, food may stick in between the teeth. Caries develops
as a funnel affect which means that it starts in a point and expands once it penetrates the enamel surface. Enamel is the hard substance that covers the outer portion on the crown of the tooth and it is pretty difficult
for bacteria to destroy it. Once the bacteria make an opening through the enamel,
it will enter the dentin layer, which is much softer and easier for the bacteria to destroy.
This is the reason why people don’t realize that they have a large cavity in their tooth; it is mostly covered
by the hollowed out enamel until that piece of enamel breaks off. Frequent exams and check up X-rays can diagnose development
of decay at its early stages. The sooner cavity diagnosed, the more healthy tooth structure can be preserved by the doctor
using less invasive treatment options, and more chances that decay did not reach the nerve, when the root canal treatment
must be done.
So, how can we
restore the decayed tooth?
After you were
diagnosed with caries, doctor can offer you different treatment options, depending on the teeth involved, the extent of the
decay and you overall conditions in the mouth. After you been num, all the decay and involved dentin have to be cleaned
out with the special burs till the sound structure of the tooth reached. Then the doctor will shape the cavity to accept the